What is an electric bike. The beginner’s guide in ten questions-answers

In the past few years, the word “electric” has stuck to many other words — mainly those related to information technology (e.g. ebooks), and to vehicles. Now we have electric cars, electric buses, electric ferries, and, quite predictably, electric bikes or ebikes.

Let’s understand together what an electric bike is, answering the 10 most popular questions in this beginners guide, including reasons to buy, working principle, types, range, charging, license, brands, cost, and more.

Ivan Kuznetsov
Outdoor writer from the Dolomites, Italy, and Karelia, Finland

— It’s simple: an ebike is like a normal bicycle, but with one important difference — an electric motor. It is easier to ride such a bike than a regular one because the motor assists you. But that doesn’t mean that you don’t have to pedal on an electric bike. It depends on the type of bicycle. We will deal with that further down.

Riding an e-bike also does not harm the environment. The motor generates energy from a battery, not by burning fuel, such as in motorbikes, cars, and other vehicles. An electric bike is as environmentally friendly as a normal bicycle.

By the way, in addition to the popular phrase “electric bike”, it is often written in completely different ways: electric bicycle, electro bike, Electrobike, electroBike, e-bike, eBike, Ebike, pedal electric bikes as well as battery bike or battery-powered bike. You can even come up with your own name!

Read next about what is an electric bike in my article in the Velospeed.co.uk — leading online ebike store in the UK with a showroom in the town of Reading

Text: Ivan Kuznetsov

Cover photo: KBO bikes / Unsplash

Subscribe to weekly newsletter — get my new travel book